The basis of permaculture is to create systems, such as human habitats or farming systems, inspired by natural ecology and tradition. Permaculture is a systemic method that must be understood as a mode of action and not a fixed method. The goal is sustainable agricultural production that is very energy efficient and respectful of living beings, using the reciprocal relations of the latter.

Permaculture was theorized by the Austalians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in the 1970s. Originally, the term permaculture meant "permanent agriculture," but quickly the meaning extended to "permanence culture" to include also the social aspects. It is therefore a movement with a philosophy similar to that of the integral movement.

There are several permaculture schools that teach among other things its ethics and various principles (permacultural design), to allow individuals to create their own systems and reduce the dependence on industrial production and distribution systems, which Mollison sees as the main cause of ecosystem destruction.



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